• 基础释义
  • 例句
  • 同义词
  • 反义词
  • 同义词解析
  • 词组
  • 柯林斯词典释义
  • 英汉词典释义
  • 英英词典释义
  • 行业词典释义


[wɜ:k] [wɜrk]
  • 复数:works;
  • 过去式:worked;
  • 过去分词:worked;
  • 现在分词:working;
  • 第三人称单数:works;
  • 例句
    • 以下这些名词均包含 "职业" 的意思
    • 以下这些名词均有"工作" 的意思
    • give someone the works informal 非正式
      tell someone everything 对某人和盘托出 treat someone harshly 让某人吃苦头,折磨某人
    • have one's work cut out
      be faced with a hard or lengthy task 面临艰巨的任务;十分忙碌
    • set to work (或 set someone to work)
      begin or cause to begin work 开始工作;使着手工作
    • a spanner (或北美
      a person or thing that prevents the successful implementation of a plan 从中捣乱的人;破坏计划的人(或事)
    • the work of ——
      a task occupying a specified amount of time 费一定工夫的事
    • work one's ass (或 butt 等) off
      (vulgar slang)work extremely hard (粗俚)拼命干
    • work one's fingers to the bone
    • work to rule
      (chiefly Brit.)(typically as a form of industrial action) follow official working rules and hours exactly in order to reduce output and efficiency (主英)故意死扣规章而减低生产效率,变相怠工
    • work one's passage
      pay for one's journey on a ship with work instead of money 在船上打工代付船费
    • work one's way through university (或 college 等)
      obtain the money for educational fees or maintenance as a student by working 打工挣钱读完大学,勤工俭学读完大学
    • work one's will on/upon
      accomplish one's purpose on 把意志强加于
    • work wonders
    • work something in
      include or incorporate something, typically in something spoken or written 把…穿插进去;把…插入
    • work something off
      discharge a debt by working (以工作)抵偿债务 reduce or get rid of something by work or activity (通过工作、活动等)消除,去除
    • VERB
      People who work have a job, usually one which they are paid to do.
      Weiner works for the US Department of Transport... 韦纳就职于美国交通部。 I started working in a recording studio... 我开始在一个录音棚工作。
      People who have work or who are in work have a job, usually one which they are paid to do.
      Fewer and fewer people are in work... 就业人数越来越少。 I was out of work at the time... 那时我失业了。
    • VERB
      When you work, you do the things that you are paid or required to do in your job.
      I can't talk to you right now—I'm working... 这会儿我不能跟你说话——我在干活儿。 He was working at his desk... 他正在桌前用功。
      Your work consists of the things you are paid or required to do in your job.
      We're supposed to be running a business here. I've got work to do... 我们在这里应该是要经营公司。我有一堆的事情要做。 I used to take work home, but I don't do it any more... 我过去常把活儿带回家干,不过我如今再也不这么做了。
    • VERB
      When you work, you spend time and effort doing a task that needs to be done or trying to achieve something.
      Linda spends all her time working on the garden... 琳达把所有时间都花在打理花园上。 While I was working on my letter the telephone rang... 我正在写信,电话铃响了。
      Work is the place where you do your job.
      Many people travel to work by car... 很多人开车去上班。 She told her friends at work that she was trying to lose weight. 她跟单位的朋友说她在努力减肥。
      Work is something which you produce as a result of an activity or as a result of doing your job.
      It can help to have an impartial third party look over your work... 让客观公正的第三方看一下你的成果会有助益。 Tidiness in the workshop is really essential for producing good work... 工作间干净整洁对于生产出好的产品非常重要。
    • N-COUNT
      A work is something such as a painting, book, or piece of music produced by an artist, writer, or composer.
      In my opinion, this is Rembrandt's greatest work... 我认为这是伦勃朗最伟大的作品。 Under his arm, there was a book which looked like the complete works of Shakespeare... 他胳膊底下夹着一本书,看上去就像是夹了《莎士比亚全集》。
    • VERB
      If someone is working on a particular subject or question, they are studying or researching it.
      Professor Bonnet has been working for many years on molecules of this type. 邦尼特教授多年来一直在从事这种分子的研究工作。
    • VERB
      If you work with a person or a group of people, you spend time and effort trying to help them in some way.
      She spent a period of time working with people dying of cancer... 她有一段时间曾帮助垂危的癌症患者。 He knew then that he wanted to work among the poor. 他那时明白了自己想帮助穷人。
    • VERB
      If a machine or piece of equipment works, it operates and performs a particular function.
      The pump doesn't work and we have no running water... 水泵坏了,我们没有自来水了。 Is the telephone working today?... 电话今天能用吗?
    • VERB
      If an idea, system, or way of doing something works, it is successful, effective, or satisfactory.
      95 per cent of these diets do not work... 这些节食方法95%都不起作用。 If lust is all there is to hold you together, the relationship will never work... 如果肉欲是你们在一起的唯一理由,这种关系是不会持久的。
    • VERB
      If a drug or medicine works, it produces a particular physical effect.
      I wake at 6 am as the sleeping pill doesn't work for more than nine hours... 安眠药的药效不会超过9个小时,所以我清晨6点就醒了。 The drug works by increasing levels of serotonin in the brain. 这种药物通过提高大脑中血清素的含量来产生疗效。
    • VERB
      If something works in your favour, it helps you in some way. If something works to your disadvantage, it causes problems for you in some way.
      One factor thought to have worked in his favour is his working class image... 据认为,一个帮上了他的因素就是他的工人阶级形象。 This obviously works against the interests of the child. 这显然会对孩子不利。
    • VERB
      If something or someone works their magic or works their charms on a person, they have a powerful positive effect on them.
      Nevertheless, she is always optimistic about the possibilities and can work her charm on the disenchanted... 虽然如此,她总是乐观地抱持希望,并能深深地感染那些心灰意冷的人。 Our spirits rallied as the bitter-sweet alcohol worked its magic. 苦中带甜的酒发挥了奇效,我们的精神随之振奋起来。
    • VERB
      If your mind or brain is working, you are thinking about something or trying to solve a problem.
      My mind was working frantically, running over the events of the evening. 我的大脑疯狂地运转,把那晚发生的事情飞快地一幕幕重演。
    • VERB
      If you work on an assumption or idea, you act as if it were true or base other ideas on it, until you have more information.
      We are working on the assumption that it was a gas explosion. 我们假设这是一场燃气爆炸事故。
    • VERB
      If you work a particular area or type of place, you travel around that area or work in those places as part of your job, for example trying to sell something there.
      Brand has been working the clubs and the pubs since 1986, developing her comedy act... 布兰德自1986年以来一直在俱乐部和酒吧表演,提高她的喜剧演技。 This is the seventh year that he has worked the streets of Manhattan. 这是他在曼哈顿街头献艺的第7个年头。
    • VERB
      If you work someone, you make them spend time and effort doing a particular activity or job.
      They're working me too hard. I'm too old for this... 他们把我用得太狠了,我老了,干不了这种活儿啦。 They didn't take my father away, but kept him in the village and worked him to death. 他们没有把我爸爸带走,而是一直让他在村里干活,把他活活累死了。
    • VERB
      If someone, often a politician or entertainer, works a crowd, they create a good relationship with the people in the crowd and get their support or interest.
      The Prime Minister has an ability to work a crowd — some might even suggest it is a kind of charm... 首相有种感召人群的本事——有些人甚至认为这是一种魅力。 He worked the room like a politician, gripping hands, and slapping backs. 他又是握手,又是拍背,像个政客一样把一屋子的人都笼络了一番。
    • VERB
      When people work the land, they do all the tasks involved in growing crops.
      Farmers worked the fertile valleys. 农民们在肥沃的山谷里耕种。
    • VERB
      When a mine is worked, minerals such as coal or gold are removed from it.
      The mines had first been worked in 1849, when gold was discovered in California... 1849年加利福尼亚发现金矿时,这些矿第一次被开采。 Only an agreed number of men was allowed to work any given seam at any given time. 只有少数得到批准的人可以在特定时间开采特定的矿层。
    • VERB
      If you work a machine or piece of equipment, you use or control it.
      Many adults still depend on their children to work the video. 很多成年人仍然要靠孩子来操作录像机。
    • VERB
      If something works into a particular state or condition, it gradually moves so that it is in that state or condition.
      A screw had worked loose from my glasses. 我眼镜上有一个螺丝松了。
    • VERB
      If you work a substance such as dough or clay, you keep pressing it to make it have a particular texture.
      Work the dough with the palm of your hand until it is very smooth... 用手掌将面团揉至光滑为止。 Remove rind from the cheese and work it to a firm paste, with a fork. 将奶酪的外皮去掉,用叉子将其压成硬硬的膏状。
    • VERB
      If you work a material such as metal, leather, or stone, you cut, sew, or shape it in order to make something or to create a design.
      ...the machines needed to extract and work the raw stone. 开采加工原石的机器 ...a long, cool tunnel of worked stone. 一条跨度长且阴凉的石凿隧道
    • VERB
      If you work with a particular substance or material, you use it in order to make something or to create a design.
      He studied sculpture because he enjoyed working with clay. 他学习雕塑是因为他喜欢玩黏土。
    • V-ERG
      If you work a part of your body, or if it works, you move it.
      Each position will work the muscles in a different way... 每种姿势都会以不同方式活动肌肉。 Her mouth was working in her sleep. 她睡着的时候嘴巴还在动。
      A works is a place where something is manufactured or where an industrial process is carried out. Works is used to refer to one or to more than one of these places.
      The steel works could be seen for miles. 这个钢厂几英里外都能看见。 ...a recycling works. 回收工厂
    • N-PLURAL
      Works are activities such as digging the ground or building on a large scale.
      ...six years of disruptive building works, road construction and urban development. 6年间进行的破坏性的建筑工程、道路修筑和城市扩建
    • N-SING
      You can say the works after listing things such as someone's possessions or requirements, to emphasize that they possess or require everything you can think of in a particular category.
      Amazing place he's got there—squash courts, swimming pool, jacuzzi, the works. 他的那个地方真是太棒了——壁球场、游泳池、按摩浴池,一应俱全。
    • PHRASE
      If someone is at work they are doing their job or are busy doing a particular activity.
      The salvage teams are already hard at work trying to deal with the spilled oil... 救援队已经在紧张地设法处理溢出的石油。 He is currently at work on a novel... 他这会儿正忙着写一篇小说。
    • PHRASE
      If a force or process is at work, it is having a particular influence or effect.
      The report suggested that the same trend was at work in politics... 这份报告表明,同一趋势也在影响着政治。 It is important to understand the powerful economic and social forces at work behind our own actions. 重要的是,要理解在我们自身行动背后起作用的强大的经济和社会力量。
    • PHRASE
      If you say that you will have your work cut out to do something, you mean that it will be a very difficult task.
      The new administration has its work cut out for it. Creating jobs in this kind of environment is not going to be easy... 新一届政府面临重重困难。在这种环境下创造就业机会绝非易事。 He will have his work cut out to get into the team. 他要进入该队困难重重。
    • PHRASE
      If something is in the works, it has already been planned or begun.
      He said there were dozens of economic plans in the works... 他说有几十项经济计划已经开始实施。 Nobody should be surprised by this. It's been in the works for some time. 不应该有人对此感到惊奇,这事已经张罗了有一阵子了。
    • PHRASE
      You can use work to talk about how easily or quickly a particular task is done. For example, if a person or thing makes short work of doing something or makes light work of it, they do it quickly and easily.
      An aerosol spray will make short work of painting awkward objects... 用喷罐来喷涂,不好对付的物品也能轻松搞定。 This horse made light work of the cross-country course... 这匹马轻松地跑完了越野赛程。
    • PHRASE
      If you describe someone as a nasty piece of work, you think they are very unpleasant or cruel.
      Underneath I think he's actually a rather nasty piece of work. 内心里我觉得他是个非常讨厌的家伙。
    • PHRASE
      If you put someone to work or set them to work, you give them a job or task to do.
      By stimulating the economy, we're going to put people to work... 我们将通过刺激经济让人们实现就业。 Instead of sending them to prison, we have set them to work helping the lemon growers. 我们没有把他们送进监狱,而是让他们帮种柠檬的果农干活儿。
    • PHRASE
      If you get to work ,go to work, or set to work on a job, task, or problem, you start doing it or dealing with it.
      He promised to get to work on the state's massive deficit... 他承诺着手解决国家庞大的财政赤字问题。 He returned to America where he set to work on a new novel. 他返回美国,开始写一部新小说。
    • PHRASE
      If you work your way somewhere, you move or progress there slowly, and with a lot of effort or work.
      Rescuers were still working their way towards the trapped men... 营救人员仍在艰难地向被困者靠拢。 Many personnel managers started as secretaries or personnel assistants and worked their way up. 很多人事经理最初是从秘书或人事助理做起,然后慢慢升上去的。
      You can say to someone 'nice work' or 'good work' in order to thank or praise them for doing something well or quickly.
      Nice work, Matthew. I knew you could do it. 干得好,马修。我知道你能行。
    • vt. & vi.
      He's been working hard all day. 他辛劳地工作了一天。
      (使)运作, 运转
      All the telephones don't work properly today. 今天所有电话机都出故障了。 I know how to work the machine. 我知道如何开动机器。
      If the scheme works, most of the peasants in this area will be rich. 如果计划成功, 这地区的大部分农民将富起来。 The newspapers say this new drug can work wonders. 报上说这种新药有奇效。
    • n.
      工作, 劳动, 作业
      I have a lot of work to do. 我有许多工作要做。
      She's devoted her life to good work. 她献身于慈善事业。
      工作成果, 产品
      The villagers sell their work to tourists. 村民们将工艺品卖给旅游者。
      著作, 作品
      She is reading a new work on acupuncture. 她正在看一本关于针灸疗法的新书。
      The works have closed for the Christmas holiday. 圣诞假期, 这些工厂歇工了。
      If you push hard against something and move it, you have done work. 如果你用力推一件东西, 并且移动它, 那你就做了功。
    • Noun
      1. activity directed toward making or doing something;
      "she checked several points needing further work"
      2. a product produced or accomplished through the effort or activity or agency of a person or thing;
      "it is not regarded as one of his more memorable works""the symphony was hailed as an ingenious work""he was indebted to the pioneering work of John Dewey""the work of an active imagination""erosion is the work of wind or water over time"
      3. the occupation for which you are paid;
      "he is looking for employment""a lot of people are out of work"
      4. applying the mind to learning and understanding a subject (especially by reading);
      "mastering a second language requires a lot of work""no schools offer graduate study in interior design"
      5. the total output of a writer or artist (or a substantial part of it);
      "he studied the entire Wagnerian oeuvre""Picasso's work can be divided into periods"
      6. a place where work is done;
      "he arrived at work early today"
      7. (physics) a manifestation of energy; the transfer of energy from one physical system to another expressed as the product of a force and the distance through which it moves a body in the direction of that force;
      "work equals force times distance"
    • Verb
      1. exert oneself by doing mental or physical work for a purpose or out of necessity;
      "I will work hard to improve my grades""she worked hard for better living conditions for the poor"
      2. be employed;
      "Is your husband working again?""My wife never worked""Do you want to work after the age of 60?""She never did any work because she inherited a lot of money""She works as a waitress to put herself through college"
      3. have an effect or outcome; often the one desired or expected;
      "The voting process doesn't work as well as people thought""How does your idea work in practice?""This method doesn't work""The breaks of my new car act quickly""The medicine works only if you take it with a lot of water"
      4. perform as expected when applied;
      "The washing machine won't go unless it's plugged in""Does this old car still run well?""This old radio doesn't work anymore"
      5. shape, form, or improve a material;
      "work stone into tools""process iron""work the metal"
      6. give a work-out to;
      "Some parents exercise their infants""My personal trainer works me hard""work one's muscles"
      7. proceed along a path;
      "work one's way through the crowd""make one's way into the forest"
      8. operate in a certain place, area, or specialty;
      "She works the night clubs""The salesman works the Midwest""This artist works mostly in acrylics"
      9. proceed towards a goal or along a path or through an activity;
      "work your way through every problem or task""She was working on her second martini when the guests arrived""Start from the bottom and work towards the top"
      10. move in an agitated manner;
      "His fingers worked with tension"
      11. cause to happen or to occur as a consequence;
      "I cannot work a miracle""wreak havoc""bring comments""play a joke""The rain brought relief to the drought-stricken area"
      12. cause to work;
      "he is working his servants hard"
      13. prepare for crops;
      "Work the soil""cultivate the land"
      14. behave in a certain way when handled;
      "This dough does not work easily""The soft metal works well"
      15. have and exert influence or effect;
      "The artist's work influenced the young painter""She worked on her friends to support the political candidate"
      16. operate in or through;
      "Work the phones"
      17. cause to operate or function;
      "This pilot works the controls""Can you work an electric drill?"
      18. provoke or excite;
      "The rock musician worked the crowd of young girls into a frenzy"
      19. gratify and charm, usually in order to influence;
      "the political candidate worked the crowds"
      20. make something, usually for a specific function;
      "She molded the riceballs carefully""Form cylinders from the dough""shape a figure""Work the metal into a sword"
      21. move into or onto;
      "work the raisins into the dough""the student worked a few jokes into his presentation""work the body onto the flatbed truck"
      22. make uniform;
      "knead dough""work the clay until it is soft"
      23. use or manipulate to one's advantage;
      "He exploit the new taxation system""She knows how to work the system""he works his parents for sympathy"
      24. find the solution to (a problem or question) or understand the meaning of;
      "did you solve the problem?""Work out your problems with the boss""this unpleasant situation isn't going to work itself out""did you get it?""Did you get my meaning?""He could not work the math problem"
      25. cause to undergo fermentation;
      "We ferment the grapes for a very long time to achieve high alcohol content""The vintner worked the wine in big oak vats"
      26. go sour or spoil;
      "The milk has soured""The wine worked""The cream has turned--we have to throw it out"
      27. arrive at a certain condition through repeated motion;
      "The stitches of the hem worked loose after she wore the skirt many times"
    • 体育: 手腕动作;
      力学: 功;
      化学: 功;
      土木工程: 功;
      水利: 功,描述物体状态改变过程中能量变化的一种量度。;
      法律: 加工承揽合同;
      物理学: 功;