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[ʃɔ:t] [ʃɔrt]
  • 复数:shorts;
  • 过去式:shorted;
  • 过去分词:shorted;
  • 现在分词:shorting;
  • 第三人称单数:short;
  • 比较级:shorter;
  • 最高级:shortest;
  • 名词:shortness;
  • 例句
    • be caught (或英
      be put at a disadvantage 被置于不利地位
    • a brick short of a load, two sandwiches short of a
      (informal)(of a person) stupid; crazy (非正式)(指人)愚蠢的
    • bring (或 pull) someone up short
      make someone check or pause abruptly 使突然受阻(或中断)
    • come short
      fail to reach a goal or standard 未达到目标(或标准)
    • get (或 have) someone by the short and curlies (或 s
      (informal)have complete control of a person (非正式)完全控制某人
    • go short
      not have enough of something, especially food (尤指食物)短缺
    • in short order
      (chiefly US)immediately; rapidly (主美)立刻;迅速
    • in the short run
      in the near future 在不远的将来
    • in short supply
      scarce 缺少
    • in the short term
      in the near future 在不远的将来
    • little (或nothing) short of
      almost (or equal to); little (or nothing) less than 差不多;等于;一点也不少于
    • make short work of
      accomplish, consume, or destroy quickly 快速实现(或消费、毁坏)
    • short and sweet
      brief and pleasant 短暂愉快的
    • short of breath
      panting; short-winded 呼吸短促的;气喘的
      If something is short or lasts for a short time, it does not last very long.
      The announcement was made a short time ago... 通告是不久前才宣布的。 How could you do it in such a short period of time?... 你是怎么在如此短的时间里做到的?
      If you talk about a short hour, day, or year, you mean that it seems to have passed very quickly or will seem to pass very quickly.
      For a few short weeks there was peace... 有过短短几周的和平。 Only five short years later, your money will have grown by $94,000. 仅短短 5 年时间后,你的钱就会增多 94,000 美元。
      A short speech, letter, or book does not have many words or pages in it.
      They were performing a short extract from Shakespeare's Two Gentlemen of Verona... 他们正表演莎士比亚剧作《维洛那二绅士》中的一个片段。 This is a short note to say thank you. 这是一封简短的致谢信。
      Someone who is short is not as tall as most people are.
      I'm tall and thin and he's short and fat. 我又高又瘦,他又矮又胖。 ...a short, elderly woman with grey hair... 头发灰白的矮个子老妇人
      Something that is short measures only a small amount from one end to the other.
      The city centre and shops are only a short distance away... 市中心和商店离得很近。 A short flight of steps led to a grand doorway... 一段短短的台阶通向一个气派的大门口。
      If you are short of something or if it is short, you do not have enough of it. If you are running short of something or if it is running short, you do not have much of it left.
      Her father's illness left the family short of money... 她父亲的病造成家里经济拮据。 Government forces are running short of ammunition and fuel... 政府军的弹药和燃料都快用完了。
    • ADJ
      If someone or something is or stops short of a place, they have not quite reached it. If they are or fall short of an amount, they have not quite achieved it.
      He stopped a hundred yards short of the building... 他在离大楼 100 码处停下了。 So what happens if the Socialists top the poll but fall short of an absolute majority?... 那么如果社会党人得票领先却又未达到绝对多数,那会怎么样呢?
      Short of a particular thing means except for that thing or without actually doing that thing.
      Short of climbing railings four metres high, there was no way into the garden from this road... 除非爬过 4 米高的栏杆,否则从这条路没办法进到园子里。 They have no means, short of civil war, to enforce their will upon the minorities. 他们只有通过内战才能将意志强加给少数派。
    • ADV
      If something is cut short or stops short, it is stopped before people expect it to or before it has finished.
      His glittering career was cut short by a heart attack... 他辉煌的事业因心脏病发作而被迫终止。 Jackson cut short his trip to Africa... 杰克逊提前结束了他的非洲之行。
    • ADJ
      If a name or abbreviation is short for another name, it is the short version of that name.
      Her friend Kes (short for Kesewa) was in tears... 她的朋友凯斯(凯茜娃的简称)眼泪汪汪。 'O.O.B.E.' is short for 'Out Of Body Experience'. O.O.B.E. 是 Out Of Body Experience (身外体验)的缩略形式。
      If you have a short temper, you get angry very easily.
      ...an awkward, self-conscious woman with a short temper. 脾气暴躁、笨拙又忸怩的女人
      If you are short with someone, you speak briefly and rather rudely to them, because you are impatient or angry.
      She seemed nervous or tense, and she was definitely short with me. 她似乎很焦虑,抑或是很紧张,对我明显很不客气。
    • PHRASE
      If you are caught short or are taken short, you feel a sudden strong need to urinate, especially when you cannot easily find a toilet.
    • PHRASE
      If a person or thing is called something for short, that is the short version of their name.
      Opposite me was a woman called Jasminder (Jazzy for short)... 我对面是一位名叫贾丝明德(简称杰丝)的女子。 This condition is called seasonal affective disorder, or SAD for short. 这种病情叫做季节性情感失调症,或简称 SAD。
    • PHRASE
      If you go short of something, especially food, you do not have as much of it as you want or need.
      Some people may manage their finances badly and therefore have to go short of essentials. 有些人可能极不善于理财,因而不得不缺衣少食地将就过活。
    • PHRASE
      You use in short when you have been giving a lot of details and you want to give a conclusion or summary.
      Try tennis, badminton or windsurfing. In short, anything challenging... 试试网球、羽毛球或帆板运动吧。总之,只要是有挑战性的。 She was surrounded by doctors, lawyers, housewives — people, in short, like herself. 她被医生、律师、家庭主妇——总之是一群像她一样的人——所包围着。
    • PHRASE
      You use nothing short of or little short of to emphasize how great or extreme something is. For example, if you say that something is nothing short of a miracle or nothing short of disastrous, you are emphasizing that it is a miracle or it is disastrous.
      The results are nothing short of magnificent... 结果非常不错。 His last visit to Washington was little short of a fiasco. 他最近对华盛顿的访问几乎是一场惨败。
    • PHRASE
      If you say that someone is, for example, several cards short of a full deck or one sandwich short of a picnic, you think they are stupid, foolish, or crazy.
    • PHRASE
      If someone or something is short on a particular good quality, they do not have as much of it as you think they should have.
      He was very short on enthusiasm... 他太缺乏热情。 The proposals were short on detail. 这些提议缺少细节。
    • PHRASE
      If someone stops short of doing something, they come close to doing it but do not actually do it.
      He stopped short of explicitly criticizing the government... 他几乎要直言批评政府了。 The resolution stopped short of an outright declaration of independence. 这项决议几乎成为公开的独立宣言。
    • PHRASE
      If workers are put on short time, they are asked to work fewer hours than the normal working week, because their employer can not afford to pay them a full time wage.
      Workers across the country have been put on short time because of the slump in demand... 因需求量大幅下降,全国的工人都开工不足。 Most manufacturers have had to introduce short-time working. 大多数制造商不得不推行短工时工作制。
    • PHRASE
      If something pulls you up short or brings you up short, it makes you suddenly stop what you are doing.
      The name on the gate pulled me up short. 大门上的名字让我突然停了下来。
    • PHRASE
      If you make short work of someone or something, you deal with them or defeat them very quickly.
      Agassi made short work of his opponent. 阿加西干净利落地击败了对手。
    • adj.
      短的; 简短的
      A straight line is the shortest distance between two points. 直线是两点之间最短的距离。
      矮的, 低的
      Jack is shorter than Tom by a head. 杰克比汤姆矮一头。
      短缺的, 未达标的
      She was here only a short hour ago. 不到一小时前她还在这儿。
      简称的, 简略形式的
      NATO is short for North Atlantic Treaty Organization. NATO是“北大西洋公约组织”的缩写。
      不够; 缺乏, 缺少
      The poor orphans were kept on short commons. 贫苦的孤儿们吃不饱饭。
      唐突的, 无礼的; 急躁的
      I'm sorry, I was short with you. 对不起, 我对你有所失敬。
    • adv.
      突然; 唐突地
      The arrow landed short. 箭未射到目标便落地了。
    • n.
      I will be needing a new pair of shorts soon. 我很快就需要一条新短裤。
    • Noun
      1. the location on a baseball field where the shortstop is stationed
      2. accidental contact between two points in an electric circuit that have a potential difference
      3. the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed between 2nd and 3rd base
    • Verb
      1. cheat someone by not returning him enough money
      2. create a short-circuit in
    • Adjective
      1. primarily temporal sense; indicating or being or seeming to be limited in duration;
      "a short life""a short flight""a short holiday""a short story""only a few short months"
      2. primarily spatial sense; having little length or lacking in length;
      "short skirts""short hair""the board was a foot short""a short toss"
      3. low in stature; not tall;
      "his was short and stocky""short in stature""a short smokestack"
      4. not sufficient to meet a need;
      "an inadequate income""a poor salary""money is short""on short rations""food is in short supply""short on experience"
      5. not holding securities or commodities that one sells in expectation of a fall in prices;
      "a short sale""short in cotton"
      6. of speech sounds (especially vowels) of relatively short duration (as e.g. the English vowel sounds in `pat', `pet', `pit', `pot', putt')
      7. containing a large amount of shortening; therefore tender and easy to crumble or break into flakes;
      "shortbread is a short crumbly cookie""a short flaky pie crust"
      8. less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so;
      "a light pound""a scant cup of sugar""regularly gives short weight"
      9. used of syllables that are unaccented or of relatively brief duration
      10. (of memory) deficient in retentiveness or range;
      "a short memory"
      11. lacking foresight or scope;
      "a short view of the problem""shortsighted policies""shortsighted critics derided the plan""myopic thinking"
      12. unwilling to endure;
      "she was short with the slower students"
      13. quickly aroused to anger;
      "a hotheaded commander"
      14. most direct;
      "took the shortest and most direct route to town"
      15. marked by rude or peremptory shortness;
      "try to cultivate a less brusque manner""a curt reply""the salesgirl was very short with him"
    • Adverb
      1. quickly and without warning;
      "he stopped suddenly"
      2. without possessing something at the time it is contractually sold;
      "he made his fortune by selling short just before the crash"
      3. clean across;
      "the car's axle snapped short"
      4. at some point or distance before a goal is reached;
      "he fell short of our expectations"
      5. so as to interrupt;
      "She took him up short before he could continue"
      6. at a disadvantage;
      "I was caught short"
      7. tightly;
      "she caught him up short on his lapel"
      8. in a curt, abrupt and discourteous manner;
      "he told me curtly to get on with it""he talked short with everyone""he said shortly that he didn't like it"
    • 体育: 短击;短球;短打法;矮个子运动员;游击手;
      土木工程: 短期刚度;short-term stiffness;
      大气科学: 短期[天气]预报;short-range [wea-ther] forecast 未来1—3天内的天气预报。;
      法律: 短缺;买空;
      物理学: 短程序;short-range order, SRO;短程密度;short-range density;短程力;short-range force;
      电力: 短路导纳矩阵;short-circuit admittance matrix;短枪冲洗工具;short-gun washed tool;股线间短路;short-circuit between strands;短路比;short-circuit ratio;短路电流计算;short-circuit current calculation;短路容量;short-circuit capacity;短路功率;short-circuit power;短路开关;short-circuit ;