• 基础释义
  • 例句
  • 同义词
  • 反义词
  • 同义词解析
  • 词组
  • 四级真题
  • 六级真题
  • 柯林斯词典释义
  • 英汉词典释义
  • 英英词典释义
  • 行业词典释义

break

[breɪk] [brek]
  • 过去式:broke;
  • 过去分词:broken;
  • 现在分词:breaking;
  • 第三人称单数:breaks;
  • 例句
    同义词
    反义词
    同义词解析
    • 以下这些名词均含有"中止,停止,休息" 的意思
      break非正式用词,指突然的或短时间的中止,如工作或活动期间接短暂休息。
      rest指统称的休息。
      pause指短暂的中断或停止,含再进行下去的意味。
      interval指一出戏在幕与幕之间,音乐会上下串场之间或演出中预先安排的休息;也可泛指事件之间的一段时间。
      recess正式用词,指业务活动或工作中短暂的或长时间的休息。
      cease正式用词,侧重逐渐结呸某活动或状态,含永远结束的意味。
      stop普通用词,指迅速或突然中止某行为、活动或状态。
    • 以下这些动词均包含 "打破,弄碎" 的意思
      break常用词,含义广泛,多指猛然用力将坚硬物打破或损坏。
      burst指某物因内部外部压力过大而出现严重破裂、爆开或账破。
      crack多指因长期使用或经受压力,物体表现呈现裂纹、裂口或破裂、裂开,但一般没成碎片。
      crush指用力把东西压破或变形。
      fracture比crack的破裂程度更深更严重,常指断裂,医学上指骨折。
      shatter指破裂为许多支离破碎的碎片,多用指易碎事物。
      smash指突然而猛烈地重击某物,使之破碎或完全变形。
    • 以下这些动词均有"破坏,损坏" 的意思
      break普通用词,指某物因被打破或撕破而受到破坏,可指有形或无形的破坏。
      destroy多指彻底地、毁灭性地破坏,含导致无用,不能或很难再修复的意味。
      ruin多指因外部原因而受到严重破坏或毁灭,侧重破坏的彻底性,也可用于引申意义。
      wreck侧重指船只、车辆、房屋等受到严重破坏或完全毁坏,也可指计划、健康受到损害。
      damage多指对无生命物体的损害,造成降低价值、破坏功能等后果。
      spoil强调不仅会削弱力量、精力或价值,而且会导致不可避免的毁灭。
    词组
    • break down
      To cause to collapse; destroy 使崩溃;毁坏 To become or cause to become distressed or upset. 使健康、精神崩溃 To give up resistance; give way 放弃抵抗;屈服 To fail to function; cease to be useful, effective, or operable 失效;没用了 To render or become weak or ineffective 使…变弱,变得无效 To divide into or consider in parts; analyze. 成为可分的;可进行分析 To decompose or cause to decompose chemically. 从化学上分解,使从化学上分解 &I{Electricity} To undergo a breakdown. &I{【电学】} 击穿
    • break in
      To train or adapt for a purpose. 驯服,习惯于:为一目的而训练或使…适应 To loosen or soften with use 用惯,穿惯:通过使用使…松软 To enter premises forcibly or illegally 强行进入,非法进入 To interrupt a conversation or discussion. 闯入
    • break into
      To interrupt 打断 To begin suddenly 突然开始 To enter (a field of activity) 进入(一个活动领域)
    • break off
      To separate or become separated, as by twisting or tearing. 扯断,断裂:通过扭曲,撕扯分开 To stop suddenly, as in speaking. 说话时突然打住 To discontinue (a relationship). 不再友好,绝交
    • break out
      To become affected with a skin eruption, such as pimples. 出皮疹:被皮疹感染,如丘疹 To develop suddenly and forcefully 猛地爆发 To ready for action or use 拿出…供消费 To emerge or escape. 出现或逃走 To be separable or classifiable into categories, as data. 可分开归入各种类别,如数据 To isolate (information) from a large body of data. 分隔:从大量数据中把(信息)离析出来
    • break through
      To make a sudden, quick advance, as through obstruction or opposition. 突破,穿过:冲破障碍突然、迅速地前进
    • break up
      To separate into pieces; divide 打破…的统一性或连贯性 To scatter; disperse 分散;散开 To bring or come to an end 使…结束或结束 &I{Informal} To burst or cause to burst into laughter. 【非正式用语】 爆发出大笑,使…爆发出大笑
    • break one's back
      put great effort into achieving something 努力做成某事
    • break the back of
      accomplish the main hardest part of (a task) 完成某项任务中最困难的部分
    • break the bank
    • break one's duck
    • break someone's heart
    • break a leg!
      (theatrical slang)good luck! (舞台俚语)好运气!
    • break the mould
    英语四级真题
      But steamships didn't lose their sails until the 1880s, because early marine engines had a nasty habit of breaking down.
      出自-2014年6月阅读原文
      She walked to the local grocery store to buy broken biscuits which were much cheaper, and to get a free bone for her much loved dog.
      出自-2014年6月听力原文
      The traditional textbook model is and has been broken for quite some time.
      出自-2013年6月阅读原文
    英语六级真题
      So why are American women so far ahead of their Swedish counterparts in breaking through the glass ceiling?
      出自-2014年6月阅读原文
      As for breaking through the glass ceiling in business,American women are well in the lead
      出自-2014年6月阅读原文
      Only four out of the 54 people interviewed had completely broken with their sisters and brothers and only one of the four felt comfortable with the break.
      出自-2014年6月听力原文
    柯林斯高阶英汉双解学习词典释义
    • V-ERG
      打破;摔碎
      When an object breaks or when you break it, it suddenly separates into two or more pieces, often because it has been hit or dropped.
      例句
      He fell through the window, breaking the glass... 他撞破玻璃从窗口摔了下去。 The plate broke... 盘子打破了。
    • V-ERG
      折断(骨头);骨折
      If you break a part of your body such as your leg, your arm, or your nose, or if a bone breaks, you are injured because a bone cracks or splits.
      例句
      She broke a leg in a skiing accident... 她在一次滑雪事故中摔断了一条腿。 Old bones break easily... 老年人容易骨折。
    • V-ERG
      (使)(表层、盖子或密封)破裂;撕开
      If a surface, cover, or seal breaks or if something breaks it, a hole or tear is made in it, so that a substance can pass through.
      例句
      Once you've broken the seal of a bottle there's no way you can put it back together again... 一旦你撕开瓶子的密封条,你就无法再把它复原。 The bandage must be put on when the blister breaks... 水疱一旦破了就必须用绷带包扎起来。
    • V-ERG
      (使)(工具或机器)损坏
      When a tool or piece of machinery breaks or when you break it, it is damaged and no longer works.
      例句
      When the clutch broke, the car was locked into second gear... 离合器失灵后,汽车只能在二挡行驶。 Tenants do not have to worry about leaking roofs and broken washing machines... 租房者无需担心屋顶漏水和洗衣机出故障。
    • VERB
      破坏,违反(规则、承诺或协议)
      If you break a rule, promise, or agreement, you do something that you should not do according to that rule, promise, or agreement.
      例句
      We didn't know we were breaking the law. 我们不知道自己在犯法。 The company has consistently denied it had knowingly broken arms embargoes. 这家公司一直否认自己是有意违反武器禁运规定。
    • VERB
      挣脱;解脱
      If you break free or loose, you free yourself from something or escape from it.
      例句
      She broke free by thrusting her elbow into his chest. 她用肘猛击他的胸部,挣脱了出来。 ...his inability to break free of his marriage. 他无法摆脱婚姻的束缚
    • VERB
      结束(困难或不利局面);打破(僵局)
      If someone breaks something, especially a difficult or unpleasant situation that has existed for some time, they end it or change it.
      例句
      The Home Secretary aims to break the vicious circle between disadvantage and crime... 内政大臣力图打破贫困和犯罪之间的恶性循环。 New proposals have been put forward to break the deadlock among rival factions... 旨在结束各竞争派别之间僵持局面的新提案已被提交。
    • VERB
      打破(沉默)
      If someone or something breaks a silence, they say something or make a noise after a long period of silence.
      例句
      Hugh broke the silence. 'Is she always late?' he asked... 休打破了沉默,问道:“她总是迟到吗?” The unearthly silence was broken by a shrill screaming. 一声尖叫打破了这可怕的沉寂。
    • N-COUNT
      (天气的)放晴
      If there is a break in the cloud or weather, it changes and there is a short period of sunshine or fine weather.
      例句
      A sudden break in the cloud allowed rescuers to spot Michael Benson. 天气的突然放晴帮助救援人员找到了迈克尔·本森。
    • VERB
      (与…)决裂;断绝(联系);放弃
      If you break with a group of people or a traditional way of doing things, or you break your connection with them, you stop being involved with that group or stop doing things in that way.
      例句
      In 1959, Akihito broke with imperial tradition by marrying a commoner... 明仁天皇在1959年打破皇室传统,娶了一位平民女子为妻。 They were determined to break from precedent... 他们决心打破先例。
    • VERB
      (使)摆脱,(使)戒除(习惯)
      If you break a habit or if someone breaks you of it, you no longer have that habit.
      例句
      If you continue to smoke, keep trying to break the habit... 如果你还在吸烟的话,就尽量戒除这个习惯吧。 The professor hoped to break the students of the habit of looking for easy answers. 教授希望改掉学生们不动脑筋就想找到答案的习惯。
    • VERB
      瓦解…的决心;使丧失勇气;毁掉…的前程
      To break someone means to destroy their determination and courage, their success, or their career.
      例句
      He never let his jailers break him... 他决不会让监狱看守们摧毁他的意志。 The newspapers and television can make or break you... 报纸和电视会使你成功,也会将你毁掉。
    • VERB
      短暂休息;稍停
      If someone breaks for a short period of time, they rest or change from what they are doing for a short period.
      例句
      They broke for lunch. 他们停下来吃午饭。
    • N-COUNT
      间歇;小憩
      A break is a short period of time when you have a rest or a change from what you are doing, especially if you are working or if you are in a boring or unpleasant situation.
      例句
      They may be able to help with childcare so that you can have a break... 他们可以帮忙照料孩子,这样你就可以歇一歇了。 I thought a 15 min break from his work would do him good... 我想他停下工作休息15分钟对他会有好处。
    • N-COUNT
      短假
      A break is a short holiday.
      例句
      They are currently taking a short break in Spain. 他们目前正在西班牙休短假。
    • VERB
      (为短暂歇息而)打断(旅程)
      If you break your journey somewhere, you stop there for a short time so that you can have a rest.
      例句
      Because of the heat we broke our journey at a small country hotel. 由于天气炎热,我们在一家乡村小旅馆停下来稍作歇息。
    • VERB
      减弱(势头);减轻(力度)
      To break the force of something such as a blow or fall means to weaken its effect, for example by getting in the way of it.
      例句
      He sustained serious neck injuries after he broke someone's fall. 有人坠落压在他身上,致使他颈部受重伤。
    • VERB
      (消息在报纸、电视或电台)发布,传播
      When a piece of news breaks, people hear about it from the newspapers, television, or radio.
      例句
      The news broke that the Prime Minister had resigned... 据报道首相已经辞职。 He resigned from his post as Bishop when the scandal broke. 丑闻传开后他辞去了主教职务。
    • VERB
      (通常以委婉的方式)透露,告知(坏消息)
      When you break a piece of bad news to someone, you tell it to them, usually in a kind way.
      例句
      Then Louise broke the news that she was leaving me... 然后路易丝挑明了她要离开我。 I worried for ages and decided that I had better break it to her. 我烦恼了很长时间,后来决定还是把这事告诉她。
    • N-COUNT
      机遇;机会;好运
      A break is a lucky opportunity that someone gets to achieve something.
      例句
      He went into TV and got his first break playing opposite Sid James in the series 'Citizen James'. 他进入了电视圈,获得的第一个机会是在连续剧《公民詹姆斯》中与锡德·詹姆斯演对手戏。
    • VERB
      打破(纪录)
      If you break a record, you beat the previous record for a particular achievement.
      例句
      Carl Lewis has broken the world record in the 100 metres... 卡尔·刘易斯已经打破了百米赛跑的世界纪录。 Jurassic Park had broken all box office records. 《侏罗纪公园》打破了所有票房纪录。
    • VERB
      (天)破晓
      When day or dawn breaks, it starts to grow light after the night has ended.
      例句
      They continued the search as dawn broke. 天放亮后他们继续搜寻。
    • VERB
      (波浪)减势,落下
      When a wave breaks, it passes its highest point and turns downwards, for example when it reaches the shore.
      例句
      Danny listened to the waves breaking against the shore. 丹尼聆听着波浪拍岸的声音。
    • VERB
      破解,破译(密码)
      If you break a secret code, you work out how to understand it.
      例句
      It was feared they could break the Allies' codes. 恐怕他们会破译盟军的密码。
    • VERB
      (因悲伤或害怕嗓音)突变,变调
      If someone's voice breaks when they are speaking, it changes its sound, for example because they are sad or afraid.
      例句
      Godfrey's voice broke, and halted. 戈弗雷声音都变了,停顿下来。
    • VERB
      (男孩嗓音)变粗
      When a boy's voice breaks, it becomes deeper and sounds more like a man's voice.
      例句
      He sings with the strained discomfort of someone whose voice hasn't quite broken. 他唱得很拘谨,声音听起来像是某个还没完全变声的男孩。
    • VERB
      (天气)突变;(风暴)骤起
      If the weather breaks or a storm breaks, it suddenly becomes rainy or stormy after a period of sunshine.
      例句
      I've been waiting for the weather to break... 我一直在等待着暴风雨的到来。 She hoped she'd be able to reach the hotel before the storm broke. 她希望能够在起风暴前赶到旅馆。
    • VERB
      (网球比赛中)破,赢得(对手的发球局)
      In tennis, if you break your opponent's serve, you win a game in which your opponent is serving.
      例句
      He broke McEnroe's serve. 他破了麦肯罗的发球局。
    • PHRASE
      破晓时分
      The break of day or the break of dawn is the time when it begins to grow light after the night.
      例句
      'I,' he finished poetically, 'will watch over you to the break of day.' “我,”他以富有诗意的语言结尾,“将守候着你,直至晨光初露。”
    • CONVENTION
      别烦我了
      You can say 'give me a break' to show that you are annoyed by what someone has said or done.
      例句
      'I'm a real intellectual-type guy, Tracy,' James joked. 'Oh, give me a break,' Tracy moaned. “我可是个货真价实的高智商小伙儿,特雷西。”詹姆斯开玩笑地说道。“哦,别烦我了,”特雷西抱怨道。
    • PHRASE
      逃离;离开
      If you make a break or make a break for it, you run to escape from something.
      例句
      The moment had come to make a break or die... 那个时候不跑就没命了。 Dan made a break for his car only to find the driver's door locked. 丹朝他的汽车跑去,却发现驾驶座位置的门被锁住了。
    英汉词典释义
    • vt. & vi.
      打破, 折断, 弄坏
      Glass breaks easily. 玻璃易碎。 Oak may bend but will not break. 橡木可以弯, 但不会断。 The thief broke the window and got into the house. 那个窃贼打破窗子, 进入屋内。 He broke the door open. 他把门撞开了。
    • vt.
      破坏, 违反
      If a man breaks the law, he can be punished. 一个人如果犯法将受到惩罚。
      终止, 中断
      We have broken the back of the job. 我们已经完成了这件工作的主要部分。 We broke our journey to Rome at Venice. 我们去罗马时, 中途在威尼斯停下来休息了。 I'm afraid I must break this conversation short.I have to go now. 恐怕这次谈话只能到此为止, 现在我得走了。
      打破(纪录)
      He came in second, but still broke the Olympic record. 他得了第二名, 但仍然打破了奥运纪录。
      去掉,戒除,放弃(习惯);使放弃习惯;纠正(常与of连用)
      Her mother tried to break her of her habit of biting her fingernails. 她母亲企图使她放弃咬指甲的习惯。
      使穷困,使耗尽资金,耗尽;使破产
      The boss threatened to break her if she didn't stop discounting their products. 那位老板威胁说如果她不停止削价出售他们的产品,他将使她破产。
      破…而入;辟出(路径等);冲破(障碍等)
      The stone broke the surface of the water. 那块石头穿透水面。
      【军事】使(士兵等)离开编队,打乱(队形等),使溃散;使不规则,使不整齐
      The troops broke formation and ran. 士兵们溃逃。
      减少,削弱(雨雪量、风力等),(以阻隔等)减弱…的势头,减轻(打击等)的力度,减弱(影响)
      His arm broke the blow. 他的手臂削弱了那一击的力度。
      【新闻学】发表,公布,发布(消息等)
      The reporter promised not to break the story. 记者答应不公布这消息。
    • vi.
      破晓, 突然出现
      Day had broken, and he cast his net for the last time. 这时天已亮了, 于是他便撒下最后一网。
      爆裂,胀破
      Two blood vessels broke in her nose. 她鼻子的两根血管破裂。
      坏掉,破掉,破坏,被损坏(常与away, off或from连用)
      She dropped the vase and it broke into pieces. 她一失手,花瓶掉下碎成破片了。
      强行进入,闯入;侵入(常与in, in upon, into或through连用)
      The hunters broke through the underbrush. 猎手们穿过林中灌丛。
      (感情)表露(into)
      Her face broke into a smile. 她脸上露出了笑容。
      (波浪)拍击(海岸),(浪)冲击,(波浪)卷碎,破碎
      The waves broke against the rocks. 波浪拍击在岩石上四下迸溅。
    • n.
      裂口, 裂缝; 破裂
      There is a break in the water pipe. 水管上有个裂缝。
      间歇, 中间休息
      Let's have a break for lunch. 咱们稍微休息一会儿吃午饭吧。
    英英词典释义
    • Noun
      1. some abrupt occurrence that interrupts;
      "the telephone is an annoying interruption""there was a break in the action when a player was hurt"
      2. an unexpected piece of good luck;
      "he finally got his big break"
      3. (geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other;
      "they built it right over a geological fault"
      4. a personal or social separation (as between opposing factions);
      "they hoped to avoid a break in relations"
      5. a pause from doing something (as work);
      "we took a 10-minute break""he took time out to recuperate"
      6. the act of breaking something;
      "the breakage was unavoidable"
      7. a time interval during which there is a temporary cessation of something
      8. breaking of hard tissue such as bone;
      "it was a nasty fracture""the break seems to have been caused by a fall"
      9. the occurrence of breaking;
      "the break in the dam threatened the valley"
      10. the opening shot that scatters the balls in billiards or pool
      11. (tennis) a score consisting of winning a game when your opponent was serving;
      "he was up two breaks in the second set"
      12. an act of delaying or interrupting the continuity;
      "it was presented without commercial breaks"
      13. a sudden dash;
      "he made a break for the open door"
      14. any frame in which a bowler fails to make a strike or spare;
      "the break in the eighth frame cost him the match"
      15. an escape from jail;
      "the breakout was carefully planned"
    • Verb
      1. terminate;
      "She interrupted her pregnancy""break a lucky streak""break the cycle of poverty"
      2. become separated into pieces or fragments;
      "The figurine broke""The freshly baked loaf fell apart"
      3. destroy the integrity of; usually by force; cause to separate into pieces or fragments;
      "He broke the glass plate""She broke the match"
      4. render inoperable or ineffective;
      "You broke the alarm clock when you took it apart!"
      5. ruin completely;
      "He busted my radio!"
      6. act in disregard of laws and rules;
      "offend all laws of humanity""violate the basic laws or human civilization""break a law"
      7. move away or escape suddenly;
      "The horses broke from the stable""Three inmates broke jail""Nobody can break out--this prison is high security"
      8. scatter or part;
      "The clouds broke after the heavy downpour"
      9. force out or release suddenly and often violently something pent up;
      "break into tears""erupt in anger"
      10. prevent completion;
      "stop the project""break off the negociations"
      11. enter someone's property in an unauthorized manner, usually with the intent to steal or commit a violent act;
      "Someone broke in while I was on vacation""They broke into my car and stole my radio!"
      12. make submissive, obedient, or useful;
      "The horse was tough to break""I broke in the new intern"
      13. fail to agree with; be in violation of; as of rules or patterns;
      "This sentence violates the rules of syntax"
      14. surpass in excellence;
      "She bettered her own record""break a record"
      15. make known to the public information that was previously known only to a few people or that was meant to be kept a secret;
      "The auction house would not disclose the price at which the van Gogh had sold""The actress won't reveal how old she is""bring out the truth""he broke the news to her"
      16. come into being;
      "light broke over the horizon""Voices broke in the air"
      17. stop operating or functioning;
      "The engine finally went""The car died on the road""The bus we travelled in broke down on the way to town""The coffee maker broke""The engine failed on the way to town""her eyesight went after the accident"
      18. interrupt a continued activity;
      "She had broken with the traditional patterns"
      19. make a rupture in the ranks of the enemy or one's own by quitting or fleeing;
      "The ranks broke"
      20. curl over and fall apart in surf or foam, of waves;
      "The surf broke"
      21. lessen in force or effect;
      "soften a shock""break a fall"
      22. be broken in;
      "If the new teacher won't break, we'll add some stress"
      23. come to an end;
      "The heat wave finally broke yesterday"
      24. vary or interrupt a uniformity or continuity;
      "The flat plain was broken by tall mesas"
      25. cause to give up a habit;
      "She finally broke herself of smoking cigarettes"
      26. give up;
      "break cigarette smoking"
      27. come forth or begin from a state of latency;
      "The first winter storm broke over New York"
      28. happen or take place;
      "Things have been breaking pretty well for us in the past few months"
      29. cause the failure or ruin of;
      "His peccadilloes finally broke his marriage""This play will either make or break the playwright"
      30. invalidate by judicial action;
      "The will was broken"
      31. discontinue an association or relation; go different ways;
      "The business partners broke over a tax question""The couple separated after 25 years of marriage""My friend and I split up"
      32. assign to a lower position; reduce in rank;
      "She was demoted because she always speaks up""He was broken down to Sargeant"
      33. reduce to bankruptcy;
      "My daughter's fancy wedding is going to break me!""The slump in the financial markets smashed him"
      34. change directions suddenly
      35. emerge from the surface of a body of water;
      "The whales broke"
      36. break down, literally or metaphorically;
      "The wall collapsed""The business collapsed""The dam broke""The roof collapsed""The wall gave in""The roof finally gave under the weight of the ice"
      37. do a break dance;
      "Kids were break-dancing at the street corner"
      38. exchange for smaller units of money;
      "I had to break a $100 bill just to buy the candy"
      39. destroy the completeness of a set of related items;
      "The book dealer would not break the set"
      40. make the opening shot that scatters the balls
      41. separate from a clinch, in boxing;
      "The referee broke the boxers"
      42. go to pieces;
      "The lawn mower finally broke""The gears wore out""The old chair finally fell apart completely"
      43. break a piece from a whole;
      "break a branch from a tree"
      44. become punctured or penetrated;
      "The skin broke"
      45. pierce or penetrate;
      "The blade broke her skin"
      46. be released or become known; of news;
      "News of her death broke in the morning"
      47. cease an action temporarily;
      "We pause for station identification""let's break for lunch"
      48. interrupt the flow of current in;
      "break a circuit"
      49. undergo breaking;
      "The simple vowels broke in many Germanic languages"
      50. find a flaw in;
      "break an alibi""break down a proof"
      51. find the solution or key to;
      "break the code"
      52. change suddenly from one tone quality or register to another;
      "Her voice broke to a whisper when she started to talk about her children"
      53. happen;
      "Report the news as it develops""These political movements recrudesce from time to time"
      54. become fractured; break or crack on the surface only;
      "The glass cracked when it was heated"
      55. of the male voice in puberty;
      "his voice is breaking--he should no longer sing in the choir"
      56. fall sharply;
      "stock prices broke"
      57. fracture a bone of;
      "I broke my foot while playing hockey"
      58. diminish or discontinue abruptly;
      "The patient's fever broke last night"
      59. weaken or destroy in spirit or body;
      "His resistance was broken""a man broken by the terrible experience of near-death"
    行业词典
    • 体育: 投两球未击倒全柱;动作中断;停顿现象;休息时间;器械破裂;调教;
      医学: 中断:失去连续性,某结构(尤指骨)的折断,见fracture;断路:切断电流,区别于通路;
      数学: 破译;
      法律: 违反;
      物理学: 得失相当;break-even 核聚变中能量的。;
      电力: 分断时间;break-time;穿通;break-through;
      药学: 断裂;